Common Pagan Funerary Text
CES Letter Core Question
The surviving papyri from the Book of Abraham are Egyptian funerary texts. Does this prove Joseph a fraud?
The author of The CES Letter fails to inform his readers that since the 1960s the Church has freely admitted that the papyri fragments currently in possession of the Church do not contain the Book of Abraham.
Both Mormon and non-Mormon scholars agree the available fragments contain the Book of Breathings.
The surviving fragments are just a portion of all the papyri Joseph possessed when he produced the Book of Abraham.
The author of The CES Letter is incorrect in his dating of the surviving papyri fragments. The fragments date some two to three centuries earlier than indicated in The CES Letter.
"Breathing Permit" is an inaccurate translation of what should be called "The Book of Breathings" or arguably the "Letter of Fellowship."
Rather than this being mere trivia, the dating and name of the text have implications for our understanding of the significance of the text. It's small (but still important) details like these that betray the author's ignorance on the issue.
January 1968 Improvement Era with articles on the papyri For entire issue Click here