Note: This page pertains to a diagram that has been removed from the lastest edition of the CES Letter

First Vision Four Accounts Diagram (CES Removed)

The diagram below shows that the chart misrepresents the 1832 account, which plainly mentions a "piller of fire" [sic]. In addition, Joseph said that he "saw the Lord." The "Lord" is am ambiguous term, usually reserved for Christ, but not invariably so. The 1832 account contains ambiguities that the biased CES Letter interprets as contradictions.

23 1832 chart and account


Additional Resources:

"Accounts of the First Vision",

Milton V. Backman, "Joseph Smith's Recitals of the First Vision," Ensign, January 1985.

Dr. James B. Allen, "Eight Contemporary Accounts of Joseph Smith's First Vision - What Do We Learn from Them?", Improvement Era, April 1970, 4-13.

FAIRMORMON: Joseph Smith’s First Vision

 “First Vision Accounts” from

“A Seeker’s Guide to the Historical Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision” by Steven C. Harper

“Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision” from

Four Accounts and Three Critiques of Joseph Smith’s First Vision” (2011 FAIR Conference) by Steven Harper

The First Vision: This Is My Beloved Son. Hear Him! Essay

Joseph Smith’s Visions: His Style and his Record” (2013 FAIR Conference) by Ron Barney